Agence France-PresseJune 23, 2021 11:31:03 IST
Experts say the unprecedented demand for information has garnered worldwide attention and tested public confidence in science as the coronavirus rages across the globe in a hurry for enthusiastic research.
Serious problems are rare, but in health emergencies, even small errors can spread to scientific research and the Internet, increasing human uncertainty.
Elizabeth Bick, a scientific integrity consultant, said, “Many people think that all science is a scam because of the combination of pandemics and social media, and the combination of people who deliberately misrepresent information. I think. ” AFP..
BIC has devoted his career to making mistakes, or worse, not slipping through the net.
Microbiologists scrutinize the details of scientific treatises for false methodologies, suspicious repetitions, inconsistent data, or unreported conflicts of interest.
She publishes her findings on Twitter, blogs, and comments on the science platform PubPeer, causing the authors or editors of scientific journals to respond or take action.
It hasn’t always made her popular — she faced online backlash and even legal action — but she categorically insists that pressure on publishing quickly increases the risk of mistakes.
One of the hottest examples was last year Lancet The medical journal withdrew a study that found that hydroxychloroquine, then advertised as a treatment by US President Donald Trump, was ineffective and even dangerous against Covid-19.
This treatise has been scrutinized by fellow scientists whose concerns about the reliability of the underlying data have highlighted serious problems in the study.
Eventually, other reputable studies found that hydroxychloroquine did not work against the coronavirus, but the withdrawal spread confusion.
Mr Bick said the incident worried many people that “not all scientific treatises are credible.”
Research funding and even employment security are often related to the number of articles published by individuals and institutions, and scientists have long been dissatisfied with the motivation to read research treatises in a hurry.
Catherine Paradise, a sociologist and emeritus professor at the University of Marne-la-Vallee in France, said: AFP Pressure can have an adverse effect.
She points out a tendency to prioritize quantity over quality, or to “tweak the terms of the study a bit” to save time.
Her concerns were also reflected in the March report commissioned by the French Senate Commission.
Researchers said they have discovered “systematic problems inherent in the world of research” that can lead to unethical practices due to “publication competition and pressure to produce positive results.”
One of the senators under investigation said Covid helped “amplify the difficulty of scientific integrity” and reduce “trust between society and the world of science.”
Most research institutes have a review mechanism to ensure that their research meets the standards accepted by the international scientific community.
“Verifying integrity is a way to ensure that science is carried out in a satisfactory way and serves its purpose,” Paradeise said.
In the early 1990s, the United States established the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). Their main concern was to ensure that the funds were being used effectively. This is a concern shared by private sectors.
“There was enough scandal for the US Parliament to make a more careful decision on where to put the money,” said Guillene Philiatro, representative of the scientific integrity of the French National Institute of Health Sciences.
“When we do research, we need to follow everything we do. That’s the basis of best practices … get stakeholders to show us lab notes and protocols, and who did what during the experiment. I need to be told, “she added.
However, she emphasized that serious cases such as large-scale plagiarism and forgery of experiments and results are rare.
Bick happened to come across his role in 2013 when he searched the internet for a sentence from one of his treatises.
“I found out that my writing was being used by another group, so in retrospect I think it was a life-changing moment,” she said.
Bick found lines taken from the work of others throughout his research.
This discovery began with almost a decade of scientific digging and has become her full-time job since 2019.
Veteran whistleblowers are not familiar with online hostility, but are widely endorsed by their colleagues.
However, the pandemic has unleashed a more severe reaction from several corners of the scientific community.
When Bick expressed concern about what he saw as anomalous in dozens of studies by controversial French doctor Didier Raoult, some showed the benefits of treating Covid patients with hydroxychloroquine. She was exposed to a fierce backlash.
Bik was even exposed to her personal information published online by members of Raoult’s team.
She is currently being sued by Raoul for harassment, and an investigation began on May 2. This is an escalation that many fears have a serious chilling effect on scientific debate.
More than 1,000 researchers around the world have signed an open letter in support of her.
One of the co-signers said Science A magazine that legal threats pose “substantial threats to science as a social system.”
It doesn’t keep Bick away from her mission.
“Scientists have always trusted each other’s work,” she said. “I think I’m here, but maybe we shouldn’t all blindly trust each other’s work.”
COVID-19 spotlights mistakes made in research treatises-Technology News, Firstpost
Source link COVID-19 spotlights mistakes made in research treatises-Technology News, Firstpost